Most Effective Medications For Alcohol Detoxification

Alcohol detoxification refers to the process through which alcohol addicts undergo in order to completely get rid of all the alcohol contents out of their system. Since alcohol is very addictive, many victims who undergo detoxification experience withdrawal symptoms. Sometimes the withdrawal experience may affect an individual’s physical and psychological normal states and this requires medications in order to overcome them.

Medications have been found to be very helpful in detox programs. Many of these medications work by mitigating the cravings that many addicts may have after they stop drinking. Besides this, some work by mimicking the effects that alcohol has on the user such that the brain thinks that there is alcohol in the system. Each of the medications administered works in a different way at different periods during the entire detox process. The following is an outline of the most effective alcohol detox medications.

Benzodiazepines

These are sedative medications and have effects on the part of the brain that respond to alcohol. They work on the brain’s GABA receptors that lead to relief and sedation for many symptoms users experience after quitting alcohol. They are also considered as safe and effective medications for delirium tremens and seizures which are alcohol withdrawal conditions associated with hallucinations.

They are prescribed for a short period of time and administered under the doctor’s supervision since they are addictive and also have their own withdrawal symptoms that are similar as those of alcohol withdrawal. They include Librium (chlordiazepoxide), valium(diazepam) and Ativan (lorazepam).

Naltrexone

Is an alcohol detox medication that activates some of the neurotransmitter receptors within the brain to think that alcohol has been consumed and therefore reduce the cravings. It’s mostly used during the late stages of the detox program to ensure to ensure that alcohol users have no desire to drink. It has also been found to be very effectual when given to users who have completed the detox program as abstinence medication.

It may be either be taken orally or through injections and this gives alcohol abusers an option to decide the best method of intake that seem to be friendly on their bodies.

Antabuse

This is taken in pill form and works in a unique manner unlike other drugs. They act as a preventive measure such that the users feel nauseous after taking any alcoholic beverage while using them. This stops them from taking any kind of alcohol due to fear of nauseousness or feeling like they are sick.

It has an active ingredient disulfram that creates a nauseating effect on the user whenever any alcoholic content is present in the system. Thus, it’s one of the best detox medications since no addict will use alcohol while at the same time taking antabuse.

Acamprosate

This is administered when the withdrawal symptoms are persistent for a longer period of time than expected. Alcohol withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety, restlessness and insomnia are completely eliminated by use of acamprosate. This helps alcohol abusers not to feel the effect of not taking alcohol which leads to recovery.

Anticonvulsants

Many patients suffering from alcohol abuse do experience seizures after they quit taking alcohol. In order to minimize seizures, anticonvulsants are used. They work by hampering with the brain abnormal electrical activity which has been found to be effective in preventing seizures. Some of these medications include:

  • Phenytoin
  • Phenobarbitol
  • Carbamazepine

Haloperidol

It acts as an antipsychotic medication that tends to reduce hallucinations arising from lack of use of alcohol during the detox process. It is usually used during the early stages of detoxification to deal with all the early withdrawal symptoms. It’s also used to counter delirium tremens which is an acute withdrawal symptom associated with strong alcohol addiction.

Disulfiram

This is prescribed to prevent relapses in patients. It is not recommended to be used during the early days of detox program but rather administered when the victim is in stable condition. It makes the patient feel sick or nervous whenever they take any alcoholic drink and this make them avoid it leading to a full recovery process.

Since alcohol detox programs are meant to ensure that patients completely go back to alcohol free life as they were used before, the above medications have been found to be the most effective to aid all alcohol addicts during the whole recovery process.

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